How to Check
 the Gender of your Rabbit


Caution:  With younger rabbits it is very hard to tell the males from the females.  Even trained professionals find it near impossible to determine gender accurately before a bunny is 3 months old.



What to do:  To check the gender of your rabbit you will need to turn it over onto its back.  You may have already noticed that most rabbits don't like being turned over on their back -- and they get especially jittery when some clumsy human begins pawing at their super tender personal parts! 

So before you attempt to examine your bunny, be sure you are wearing appropriate protective clothing -- thick jeans (and/or a heavy towel or blanket across your lap) and perhaps even a long sleeved shirt.  Plus we recommend having a second person on hand to help you hold the rabbit still.

  1. Turn the rabbit over on its back, supporting its back in the crook of your arm, held close against your body.  Brace the rabbit's bottom on your leg.    Keep your other hand on the rabbits abdomen to hold it steady.  This is a little like holding a baby.  (Alternatively, you can turn the rabbit the opposite direction, that is with head downward, which some rabbits actually find calming.)

  2. Once the rabbit calms down, you can use your (right) hand to check the genital "vent".   The genital vent is located just above the anus.  It looks identical on males and females.  (If your rabbit has not calmed down, you will need the second person to hold it steady, to prevent injury to yourself and the bunny.)

  3. Using thumb and forefinger, carefully pry open the genital vent until the pink genitalia pops up.  Go slowly and gently so as not to create pain or tearing of the skin.

  4. Note that whether your rabbit is a male or a female something will "pop up", a little pink protuberance.  The difference you are looking for is that the male genitals look more symmetrical, with a slightly rounded top and a very small opening.   And by contrast, the female rabbit's genitalia looks more asymmetrical, with a slanted top and a larger slit. 

About this point many of you will retort, "Easier said than done!"  This is because, although this is the time honored method for checking rabbit gender, telling a male from a female is much easier when you've had a several to look at and compare.  That is, when you really know what you're looking for, visually.

What's more, the more mature the rabbit, the easier it is to tell males from females.   And conversely, the younger the rabbit... the harder it is.  Even a veterinarian specializing in rabbits may find it very difficult to sort the girls from the boys before 3 months of age.   This is why so many mistakes are made in gender determination:  pet stores and amateur breeders selling one and two month old bunnies -- before an accurate gender assessment can be made.

Unfortunately, it is at 3 months of age that many bunnies become sexually active!  Which is why some rabbit fanciers recommend separating your bunnies from one another at 2 months old.  But we feel that 11 weeks is sufficient, and we strongly recommend having your rabbits spayed or neutered as soon as your vet feels it is safe to do so.



Useful Links

View Helpful photos from DebMark  Education Resource

Read  Breeding Like Rabbits!

Read  It Could Happen to You


click one of these topics for more information

Breeding Like Rabbits!

Rabbit Care    

How To Care For
Baby Bunnies

It Could Happen To You! Our Bunny Farm: 
A Look Back
Help!  I Found
 Wild Babies

Our Favorite Rabbit Links

 How To Build An
Outdoor Bunny Pen
 Rabbit Style
Illness & Injury The EK Bunny Pages
 Photo Gallery
 Feed & Supplies
Not for the Wild! Kids Bunny Fun! How Not to House

For information about rabbit care, please click on one of the underlined topics above.


Back to main Bunny Page



Amazon Honor System Click Here to Pay Learn More





Check out our  great  Earth's Kids  Kids Can Change the World action pages and
 learn how kids can learn more about nature and living in harmony with it in the Earth's Kids KIDS CLUB!


Don't miss Earth's Kids      Spring and Winter fun and learning pages.

Valentine's Day,  Easter and  Saint Patrick's Day

pages for science and craft activities, reading and more!

 Every day is  EARTH DAY!  Check out our great fun activities, art, & learning
about ways to help grown ups and kids help our Earth!

Wondering about the weather?  Don't miss the Earth's Kids special feature on  Climate Change & Global Warming!

Emergency Preparedness!  

Learn how to keep your children safe in the event of a natural disaster.

Tips to Teach Kids How to Wash Hands!

Copyright Earth's Kids 1999.  All rights reserved.